South Iceland is the most visited region in Iceland. It is filled with waterfall, glaciers, black sand beaches, towering mountain and cliffs, barren deserts and lush mossy fields. The region has such a diverse landscapes that makes it perfect for outdoor enthusiasts. The region is also known for having excellent museums and hosting many summer festivals. The small towns and villages in South Iceland are rich in history and have picturesque views. There are also a number of small islands off the South of Iceland. One group of islands is the Westman Islands which is a group of 15 small islands that are accessible by plane or ferry. There are so many great activities to participate in and numerous popular attraction to explore.
- Þingvellir National Park
- Jökulsárlón Glacier Lagoon
- Reynisfja Beach
South Iceland is usually divided into the fertile South Icelandic lowlands and the eastern part which has big volcanoes and glaciers. The South Icelandic Lowlands stretch nearly 100 km from Hellisheidi to Eyjafjallajokull in the east. This area is very flat and fertile making it perfect for farming land, making it the best agriculture area in Iceland. The whole area is geologically very young, mainly of tuff type and formed during the Ice Age by the lava flows of the numerous volcanoes in the area. The glacier rivers of the area have helped to fill the lavas with sand and clay, leaving it more smooth and fertile.
Eastern South Iceland
The east part of South Iceland is the area south and east of Myrdalsjokull. The volcanic glacier of Eyjafjallajokull and Myrdalsjokull dominate the view in this region. The landscape has also been shaped by volcanic eruption and vast sands stretch to the sea. There is some agriculture here but the farms are in a row alongside the mountains. The striking waterfalls such as Skogafoss and Seljalandsfoss are found in this region. The area is also home to many volcanoes which have caused disturbances and flooding during their most recent eruptions.